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Geneva Capture of IAF pilot: Geneva conventions requires Pakistan to treat Indian pilot with dignity

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 Geneva Capture of IAF pilot: Geneva conventions requires Pakistan to treat Indian pilot with dignity 

 The Ministry of External Affairs on Wednesday confirmed that an Indian Air Force pilot has gone absent in action after India responded to incursions by the Pakistan Air Force near the Line of Control. Ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said that the Indian Air Force shot down a Pakistani Air Force fighter aircraft, after Islamabad targeted military installations on India’s side of the border.
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geneva convention for prisoners of war


“In this engagement, we have missing one MiG 21,” he said, adding that the pilot was “lacking in action”.

“Pakistan claims he is in their custody,” Kumar said. “We are ascertaining the facts.”

Based on a video that was circulated on Pakistani television channels and on social media, Indian media has recognized the pilot as Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthman.

Pakistan is bound to treat a combat detenu with dignity, as required by the Geneva Conventions, to which Islamabad is a signatory.

What are the Geneva Conventions?

 The Geneva Conventions are set of four international treaties that lay out the standards to be followed by signatories on treating enemies humanely during war tense. These conventions were developed in the first partially of the 20th century, first in 1929 and updated in 1949 after the conclusion of the Second World War.
The conventions are thorough. They furnish particular procedures for the treatment of prisoners of wars and of civilians captured by the foe during combat. Though originally a document custom during fight, the signatories are bound by the provisions in peacetime as well. 
 The videos and pictures purporting to be of the Indian helmsman telecast on Pakistani media showed that he had sustained bleeding injuries after a mob surrounded him. As per the clauses of the Geneva Conventions, Pakistan has a duty to give him medical care and protection. Article 13 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War specifically deals with such a situation:

Geneva conventions requires Pakistan to treat Indian pilot with dignity


“Any unlawful act or omission by the Detaining Power causing death or seriously endangering the health of a prisoner of war in its custody is prohibited, and will be regarded as a serious violation of the bestow Convention. In particular, no prisoner of war may be subjected to physical mutilation or to medical or scientific experiments of any kind which are not justified by the medicinal, dental or hospital treatment of the prisoner concerned and carried out in his interest. Likewise, prisoners of war must at all times be screen, especially against acts of fierceness or intimidation and against
 With over 140 articles, the treaty lists the procedures for how prisoners are to be treated in custody as well as the judicial proceedings by which they should be tried. These include sacrifice proper medical treatment, food and quarters, and religious activities such as prayers. When a combatant is captured, there are established protocols on how the other side should be intimated around this.

Previous incidents


The most recent fortuitous of an Indian Air Force pilot being captured by Pakistan occured during the Kargil enmity in 1999. Group Captain K Nachiketa had to extrude from his aircraft after an engine deterioration at high heigh. He was seizure by Pakistani soldiers. India then went to the United Nations and put immense international pressure to careless his release about eight days after his capture. In his testimonies, Nachiketa spoke of the torture inflicted on him by Pakistan in an attempt to secure sensitive enlightenment. 

During the 1965 India-Pakistan war

 many Indian swad were taken jailbird by Pakistan. In August 2015, KC Cariappa, the son of Field Marshal KM Cariappa, who was captured by the Pakistani forces, wrote in Outlook about the low-level of his imprisonment in the military prisons in Pakistan. It took four months and the end of hostilities before he was released.

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